Alphabet

Kuwaiti, like any other dialect of Arabic, is written and read from right to left.

This table shows the four forms of each letter, beginning with how the letter looks on its own (separate), how it looks when it's the first letter of a word (initial), its shape when it's in the middle of word (medial) and finally, how it looks when it's the last letter of a word (final).

For the letters that have no equivalent in English, you will find an audio file to hear how they are pronounced.


Name
Final Medial Initial Separate
Pronounciation

alif
ـا
ـا
ا
ا
aa
baa
ـب
ـبـ
بـ
ب
b
taa
ت
ـتـ
تـ
ت
t
thaa
ـث
ـثـ
ثـ
ث
th
jiim
ـج
ـجـ
جـ
ج
j
7aa
ـح
ـحـ
حـ
ح
7 (audio)
khaa
خ
ـخـ
خـ
خ
kh
daal
ـد
ـد
د
د
d
dhaal
ـذ
ـذ
ذ
ذ
dh
raa
ـر
ـر
ر
ر
r
zaay
ـز
ـز
ز
ز
z
siin
ـس
ـسـ
سـ
س
s
shiin
ش
ـشـ
شـ
ش
sh
9aad
ـص
ـصـ
صـ
ص
9 (audio)
‘9aad
ـض
ـضـ
ضـ
ض
‘9 (audio)
6aa
ـط
ـطـ
طـ
ط
6 (audio)
‘6aa
ـظ
ـظـ
ظـ
ظ
‘6 (audio)
3yn
ـع
ـعـ
عـ
ع
3 (audio)
ghayn
ـغ
ـغـ
غـ
غ
gh
faa
ـف
ـفـ
فـ
ف 
f
qaaf
ـق
ـقـ
قـ
ق
g
kaaf
ـك
ـكـ
كـ
ك
k
chaa
ـچـ
ch
laam
ـل
ـلـ
لـ
ل
l
miim
ـم
ـمـ
مـ
م
m
nuun
ـن
ـنـ
نـ
ن
n
haa
ـه
ـهـ
هـ
ه
h
waaw
ـو
ـو
و
و
w / uu
yaa
ـي
ـيـ
يـ
ي
y / ii
hamza
ء
ء
ء
ء
2 (audio)